Copyright & Permissions

Permission to republish or make photocopies is generally available for SHRM content. Where it is available, click the "Reuse Permissions" link (appearing at the top and bottom of each page) to visit for pricing information and licensing terms.

Please note that a license grants permission to reuse SHRM content, but it does not provide a copy of the content; instead, you can return to the content page and print or save the item for which you purchase a license. If you need an article PDF or a reprint, please see below for information about YGS, SHRM's reprint vendor.

This service of the Copyright Clearance Center provides permission for reuse only. Once licensed, you may reproduce the content from the electronic or print source that is available to you for your reuse according to terms of your license.

Additionally, SHRM Chapters are eligible to fill out a special fee-waived permission form to reprint SHRM articles in their Chapter newsletters.

If you have questions, please e-mail


Content available through our print and electronic publications is the property of SHRM or its licensors and is protected by copyright and other intellectual property laws. Therefore, SHRM materials cannot be reproduced, retransmitted, distributed, disseminated, sold, published, broadcasted or circulated without SHRM's prior written consent or license. Members of the Society for Human Resource Management (SHRM) do not have the right to republish or redistribute SHRM materials without SHRM's prior written consent. Content is available for your limited, non-commercial use, as specified in the Terms of Use Agreement.

Fair Use

Fair use is a doctrine in U.S. copyright law that allows limited use of copyrighted material without permission from the rights holders. It provides for the legal, non-licensed citation or incorporation of copyrighted material in another author's work under a four-factor balancing test:

  1. The purpose and character of the use, including whether such use is of a commercial nature or is for nonprofit educational purposes;
  2. The nature of the copyrighted work;
  3. The amount and substantiality of the portion used in relation to the copyrighted work as a whole; and
  4. The effect of the use upon the potential market for or value of the copyrighted work.

In practice, this means that short excerpts of longer pieces of content may be quoted without obtaining permission if they are properly cited to the original source.

SHRM does not endorse products or services so we prefer that our content and publications not be quoted in marketing or sales materials.

Permission to Translate

Please e-mail if you are interested in translating any SHRM materials into any language. A fee may apply.


Glossy, customizable reprints or PDFs of content are offered by SHRM's reprint vendor, YGS Group.

Reprints can be ordered in two ways: hard-copy, glossy reprints or electronic Portable Document Format (PDF) files. Glossy reprints are great for mailing and handing out, while a PDF can be emailed. Both formats can be customized with your company information and logo.

Reprints are available for editorial content from HR Magazine, HR News, Legal Report, Staffing Management magazine or any of the SHRM Online HR Disciplines.

YGS Group provides reliable quality, expert customer service, and fast turnaround—direct from its facility. All aspects of the reprint process are completed on their premises.

If you would like to order reprints, please contact YGS Group by phone at (800) 501-9571 or by e-mail.

SHRM Logo Use

SHRM restricts the use of its logo to SHRM chapters and affiliates. SHRM is an individual membership society and has no corporate or company memberships. Therefore, no corporation or organization may state or imply that it is a member of the Society for Human Resource Management nor use the SHRM logo to indicate this on any platform. 

Individual members of SHRM are allowed to add a statement next to their individual names on business cards or on a company website that they, the individuals, are “Member, Society for Human Resource Management.” 

Questions regarding use or licensing of the SHRM logo should be directed to

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