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Race is a division of humankind with certain distinguishing characteristics in common which indicate distinctive origins.



The practice of adjusting employment test scores to compensate for racial differences.


Random testing

Drug and alcohol tests administered by an employer that selects employees to be tested on a random basis.


Rank order

A rating method where the performance of a group, process or product is arranged in a particular order, such as highest to lowest.


Reasonable accommodation

Modifying or adjusting a job process or a work environment to better enable a qualified individual with a disability to be considered for or perform the essential functions of a job.


Reasonable person standard

A standard used in sexual harassment suits, referring to conduct or behavior so offensive in nature that any reasonable person, regardless of sex, would agree the conduct or behavior should be illegal.


Reasonable suspicion testing

A drug or alcohol test administered to an employee due to a performance or policy infraction or poor or erratic behavior.



Transferring individuals to alternative positions where their talents or skills may be best utilized to their own or the organization’s benefit or where they are better able to perform the job in accordance with required standards.



A relationship between states or other taxing jurisdictions whereby privileges granted by one are returned by the other under a reciprocal agreement.


Reciprocal review

An appraisal method where the subordinate and the manager are evaluated by each other based on agreed-upon performance criteria.



An acknowledgement of an employee’s exceptional performance or achievements expressed in the form of praise, commendation or gratitude.


Recordable illness/injury

All occupational injuries and illnesses that require more than basic first aid treatment, or deaths that occurred in the workplace.



The practice of soliciting and actively seeking applicants to fill recently vacated or newly created positions using a variety of methods (i.e., internal job postings, advertising in newspapers or electronic job boards/sites, utilizing search firms, or listing position with trade and professional associations, etc).


Red circle rate

A pay rate that is above the maximum range assigned to the job grade. Employees are usually not eligible for additional pay increases until the range maximums exceed the individual pay rate.



The reassignment of employees to other departments or functions as an alternative to laying them off.


Reduction in force

An involuntary separation of an employee or groups of employees due to economic pressures, lack of work, organizational changes or other reasons of business necessity that require a reduction in staff.



The redesigning of business and work processes, policies or organizational structure.


Reference checking

The process of verifying information supplied by applicants on an application or resume.


Regression analysis

A statistical measure used to discover relationships between variables such as performance ratings and promotions.


Regular full/part-time employee

An individual who has been hired by an employer to work a predetermined amount of hours per week in a position/appointment of indefinite duration.


Rehabilitation Act of 1973

A federal statute requiring federal agencies to ensure that electronic and information technology systems are accessible to individuals with disabilities when their jobs require the use of electronic or information technology systems.



The practice of providing positive feedback to an individual or groups of individuals after completion of a particular project or achievement of a particular goal.


Release agreement

A type of legal written document executed by an employer and signed by an employee whereby the employee relinquishes certain rights in exchange for some form of consideration, such as a benefit the employee would not have otherwise received had he or she not been discharged.



A measure of the ability of a test or other appraisal instrument to evaluate what is being measured on a consistent basis.



Includes all aspects of religious observance and practice and religious beliefs.


Religious accommodation

An accommodation made for an employee, such as time off from work, so that he or she may observe a religious holiday or attend a religious ceremony or their day of Sabbath such as Saturday or Sunday.


Relocation assistance

A type of benefit offered to employees who accept work assignments in new locations. Typically takes the form of assistance with moving costs, travel expenses, temporary lodging and home-buying/selling.


Remedial counseling

A type of employee counseling used to correct performance or behavior-related issues.


Remedial training

Describes a method of teaching intended to help people who have basic skills deficiencies, such reading or writing.



A strategy designed to conquer a deficiency in an employee’s behavior, performance or skills.


Remote employees

Employees who work off company premises and are removed from their supervisors or managers.


Remote managers

A manager who supervises employees who perform their work at a site other then the employer’s premises.



The process of returning to the United States after being placed on a long-term international assignment.



An oral or written reproach given to an employee as part of disciplinary action.


Request for proposal (RFP)

A document an organization sends to a vendor inviting the vendor to submit a bid for a product or service.


Resident alien

A resident alien is a lawful permanent resident of the United States at any time if he or she has been given the privilege, according to the immigration laws, of residing permanently as an immigrant. This status usually exists if the Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration Services has issued a green card.



The disposition of a disagreement or grievance through alternative dispute resolution methods.


Restrictive covenant

A contract clause requiring executives or other highly skilled employees to refrain from seeking and obtaining employment with competitor organizations in a specific geographical region and for a specified period of time.



Changing an organizational structure in order to make it more efficient and cost effective.



A written document outlining an individual’s work experience, skills, educational background, accomplishments and other related information supporting his or her career goal.


Retaliatory discharge

A form of discriminatory discharge that occurs when an employer dismisses an employee as retaliation against the employee for a specific action.


Retention bonus

An incentive payment used to entice employees from leaving the organization. Typically employees are asked to sign an agreement stating they will remain employed for a specific duration or until the completion of a particular task or project in order to be eligible for the bonus.


Retiree skill bank

A pool of retired former employees who are rehired on a temporary or contractual basis.


Retirement plan

A written qualified or nonqualified benefit plan, funded by employer and employee contributions, that provides retirement income benefits for employees.



Training that is provided for a certain job to enable an employee to acquire the necessary skills to work with new processes, procedures or equipment.


Return on investment (ROI)

A ratio of the benefit or profit derived from a specific investment, compared with the cost of the investment itself.


Reverse discrimination

Employment policies or practices that result in discriminatory treatment against applicants or employees who are not minorities or members of a disadvantaged group.


Reward system

A formal or informal program used to recognize individual employee achievements, such as accomplishment of goals or projects or submission of creative ideas.



An approach to reducing staff, whereby jobs are prioritized in order to identify and eliminate unnecessary work. This method uses a selection criteria based on individual jobs, rather than people, in order to avoid possibly laying off the wrong employees.



An OSHA standard providing workers with protection from hazardous substances in the workplace by requiring employers to keep employees informed of any hazardous substances that they may be working with, as well as the hazards and symptoms associated with the substance.


Right-to-sue letter

A letter issued by the EEOC, once a charge has been recorded and processed, informing individuals who filed the charge that they have the right to further pursue their charges in a federal or state court.



A state law preventing labor-management agreements requiring an individual to join a union as a condition of employment.


Risk management

The use of insurance and other strategies in an effort to minimize an organization’s exposure to liability in the event a loss or injury occurs.


Role playing

A training method in which each participant purposely acts out or assumes a particular character or role.


Rolling year

Under FMLA regulations, a rolling year is defined as a 12-month period measured backward from the date an employee first uses leave.


Rotational training

A training method where employees are rotated among a variety of different jobs, departments or company functions for a certain period of time.


Rural sourcing

An outsourcing method that is based on transferring jobs away from higher cost urban areas to lower cost rural areas.

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