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Qualified disabled person

A qualified disabled person is an individual with a disability who is capable of performing a particular job, with or without reasonable accommodation.

   

Qualified domestic relations order (QDRO)

An order, decree, judgment or administrative notice (including a settlement agreement) that establishes the rights of another person (the “alternate payee”) to benefits; issued by a domestic relations court or other court of competent jurisdiction or through an administrative process established under state law.

   

Qualified medical child support order (QMCSO)

An order, decree, judgment or administrative notice (including a settlement agreement) requiring health coverage for a child; issued by a domestic relations court or other court of competent jurisdiction or through an administrative process established under state law.

   

Qualified plan

A defined benefit or defined contribution pension plan covered by ERISA and IRS regulations qualifying for certain tax advantages for both the employer and the participant.

   

Qualified special disabled veteran

A special disabled veteran who satisfies the requisite skill, experience, education and other job-related requirements of the employment position such veteran holds or desires and who, with or without reasonable accommodation, can perform the essential functions of such position.

   

Quality assurance

Activities or programs whose purpose is to demonstrate and ensure that products and services meet specifications and are consistently of high quality.

   

Quality audit

The process of examining the elements of a quality management system in order to evaluate how well they comply with quality system specifications.

   

Quality circle

A carefully selected group of employees who voluntarily meet on a regular basis to identify problems and make recommendation by using various techniques for analyzing and solving work-related problems.

   

Quality control

Activities or programs whose purpose is to ensure that all quality specifications for products or services are being met and are of consistently high quality.

   

Quality improvement

Any system or process designed to enhance an organization's ability to meet quality requirements.

   

Quid pro quo

Legal terminology essentially meaning “what for what” or “something for something.” It is the concept of getting something of value in exchange for giving something of value.

   

Quid pro quo harassment

Quid pro harassment involves expressed or implied demands for sexual favors in exchange for some benefit (a promotion, pay increase, etc.) or to avoid some detriment (termination, demotion, etc.) in the workplace. By definition, it can only be perpetrated by someone in a position of power or authority over another (i.e., manager or supervisor over a subordinate).

   

Quit

A voluntary resignation from employment that is initiated by the employee.

   

Quota system

In affirmative action systems, it is a means of attempting to achieve workplace balance by hiring and/or promoting specified numbers or ratios of minorities or women in positions from which they have been excluded. 

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