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Labor certification

Labor certification is a statement from the U.S. Department of Labor (DOL) that a particular position at a particular company is "open" because no U.S. workers who satisfy the minimum requirements for the job are available. Alien labor certification programs are generally designed to assure that the admission of aliens to work in the United States on a permanent or temporary basis will not adversely affect the job opportunities, wages and working conditions of U.S. workers.


Labor force

The number of employed individuals in the civilian workforce and armed services.


Labor law posting

Federal and state regulations requiring employers to post in conspicuous places a variety of labor law posters, including, but not limited to, information regarding employee rights under EEO, FMLA, OSHA, ADA, FLSA, as well as other labor laws.


Labor-management contract

A binding agreement governing wages, benefits, representation rights and other working conditions between a labor union and management.


Labor productivity

The correlation between a given output and the percentage of labor time used to produce the output.



A temporary termination of employees, or the elimination of jobs, during periods of economic downturn or organizational restructuring.



The process, by which an individual determines direction, influences a group and directs the group toward a specific goal or organizational mission.


Leadership development

Formal and informal training and professional development programs designed for all management and executive-level employees to assist them in developing the leadership skills and styles required to deal with a variety of situations.


Learning Style

Learning styles are defined, classified, and identified in various ways. Broadly speaking, they are overall patterns that provide direction to learning and teaching. Learning style can also be described as a set of factors, behaviors, and attitudes that facilitate learning for an individual in a particular situation.

Leave sharing

A leave program allowing employees to donate unused sick leave to a coworker who has exhausted all available sick leave and is out due to a long-term illness or injury.


Leave stacking

Used to define the practice of scheduling leave under FMLA in such a manner that the employee’s leave allowance for two consecutive calendar years is uninterrupted. Typically occurs when an employer uses the calendar-year method for determining the 12-month period under FMLA.

Lesbian Women whose enduring physical, romantic, emotional, and/or spiritual attraction is to other women.
LGBT / GLBT Acronyms for "Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender."


Defaming or harming an individual’s reputation in writing.


Life activity

For purposes of Section 503 of the Rehabilitation Act and ADA, functions that are limited by a person's disability such as caring for oneself, performing manual tasks, walking, seeing, hearing, speaking, breathing, learning and working.

Life cycle recruiting a comprehensive recurring process commencing with recruitment need assessment, source evaluation and selection, selection assessment criteria, referencing criteria, and concluding with offer/acceptance.

Line of progression

A series of related jobs in a promotional sequence generally starting with less difficult, lower-paying jobs and progressing to more difficult, higher-paying jobs. Often, the lower jobs provide required training for movement to the higher-level jobs.



A legal proceeding occurring in a federal or state court of law to determine and enforce legal rights.


Living wage

A wage rate that is sufficient for a worker and his or her family to exist comfortably.



The strategy of applying locale-specific terminology and data to a specific product or application in order to meet the language, cultural and other requirements of a specific market.


Lockout/tagout rule

An OSHA standard helping safeguard employees from hazardous energy while they are performing service or maintenance on machines and equipment. The standard identifies the practices and procedures necessary to shut down and lock out or tag out machines and equipment, requires that employees receive training in their role in the lockout/tagout program and mandates that periodic inspections be conducted to maintain or enhance the energy control program.


Long-term care insurance

An insurance plan that provides coverage for individuals with long-term illnesses or disabilities by paying in whole or in part for long-term medical and nonmedical care services.


Lost workdays

Refers to the particular number of days an employee is absent from work due to an injury or illness or the number of days which the employee is on restricted duty.


Lump-sum payment

A fixed negotiated payment that is not typically included in an employee’s annual salary; often times given in lieu of pay increases.

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