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Face validity

Making a decision regarding the appropriateness of a test or other assessment instrument based on appearance rather than objective criteria.

   

Facilitator

A trainer who assists a group in learning or reaching a specific goal by directing and controlling the group process and allowing the group to work collectively to resolve problems and come up with solutions.

   

Fact finding

The process of utilizing an impartial third party, not employed by the organization, to examine all pertinent facts surrounding a complaint.

   

Fact-finding conference

An informal meeting directed by the EEOC to settle discrimination complaints between an employer and the plaintiff.

   

Factor comparison

A job comparison process involving ranking each individual job by certain selected compensable factors to establish appropriate values to be used in determining pay rates.

   

Factor weight

Used in the job evaluation process, it is the process of assigning a weight to compensable factors to determine their relative worth.

   

Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA) of 1969

The FCRA requires employers that use credit reports and that deny employment on the basis of a credit report to so notify the applicant and to provide the name and address of the consumer reporting agency used.

   

Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) of 1938

An act that covers public agencies and businesses engaged in interstate commerce or providing goods and services for commerce. The FLSA provides guidelines on employment status, child labor, minimum wage, overtime pay and record-keeping requirements. It determines which employees are exempt from the Act (not covered by it) and which are nonexempt (covered by the Act). It establishes wage and time requirements when minors can work. It sets the minimum wage that must be paid and mandates when overtime must be paid.

   

Fair representation

This term means that a trade union, so long as it continues to be entitled to represent employees in a bargaining unit, may not act in a manner that is arbitrary, discriminatory or in bad faith in the representation of any employees in the unit.

   

Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA)of 1993

The Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) allows employees who have met minimum service requirements (12 months employed by the company with 1,250 hours of service in the preceding 12 months) to take up to 12 weeks of unpaid leave per year for: (1) a serious health condition; (2) to care for a family member with a serious health condition; (3) the birth of a child; or (4) the placement of a child for adoption or foster care.

   

Family-friendly

A policy or practice designed to help families spend more time together and/or enjoy a better quality of life.

   

Family status change

Used to define changes to an individuals existing family standing.  Typically found in health care benefit plans covered by section 125 of the Internal Revenue Code.  IRC 125, does not allow individuals enrolled in a covered benefit plan to make election changes to their existing benefits coverage outside of the plans annual open enrollment period, unless a qualifying change in family or employment status, defined by the IRS as a "Qualified Family Status Change" has occurred (i.e. marriage, divorce, legal separation, death, birth/adoption, changes in employment status, cessation of dependent status, or a significant change in cost or reduction of benefits.)

   

Fast-trackers

A term used to describe employees who have exhibited strong potential for promotion and are being primed for higher level professional or technical positions within the organization.

   

Fat organization

An organization with a structure consisting of several layers of management.

   

Feasibility study

A study designed to discover if a business, product, project or process justify the investment of time, money and other resources.

   

Featherbedding

An unfair labor practice occurring when a union requires an employer to pay an employee for services he or she did not perform.

   

Feedback

Positive or negative information provided to an individual in the form of coaching or counseling regarding his or her performance or behavior.

   

Fetal protection policy

An employer policy meant to protect a pregnant woman’s unborn fetus by excluding pregnant women from engaging in jobs requiring exposure to or the use of hazardous chemicals or materials.

   

Field interview

An employment interview conducted away from the employer’s actual worksite.

   

Financial statement

A report containing financial information derived from an organizational accounting record.

   

Fitness for duty

A document provided by a medical practitioner following a post-offer medical examination containing information used by the employer to determine a candidate’s ability to perform the functions of a job. Also used to refer to documents or notes from medical providers releasing individuals under their care to resume full or modified duties following a leave of absence due to illness or injury.

   

Fixed year

A term used to describe an invariable year such as a calendar or fiscal year.

   

Flat organization

An organization characterized by having only a few layers of management from top to bottom

Flexible benefit plan

A benefit program regulated under IRC 125 that offers employees a choice between permissible taxable benefits (including cash) and nontaxable benefits such as life and health insurance, vacations, retirement plans and child/dependent care. Although a common core of benefits may be required, the employee may determine how his or her remaining benefits dollars are allocated for each type of benefit from the total amount offered by the employer.

   

Flexible scheduling

An alternative work arrangement providing employees with greater flexibility in meeting their own personal needs by allowing them to work nontraditional schedules (i.e., compressed workweek, summer hours or flextime).

   

Flexible staffing

The practice of utilizing temporary employees, independent contractors or part-time employees to fill vacancies instead of hiring a traditional full-time regular employee workforce.

   

Flextime

Variable work hours requiring employees to work a standard number of core hours within a specified period of time, allowing employees greater flexibility in their starting and ending times.

   

Focus group

A small group of individuals who are interviewed through structured facilitator-led discussions in order to solicit opinions, thoughts and ideas about a particular subject or topic area.

   

Forced-choice

In test construction, used to define multiple-choice tests or questionnaires requiring the testee to choose an answer from a collection of possible answers. Also refers to a performance appraisal strategy where the appraisal is divided into several sections, and the rater is then provided with a few performance descriptors for each section and asked to select the most and least characteristic statement.

   

Forced distribution

An appraisal rating method intended to prevent rater errors by requiring the rater to force ratings into a bell-shaped curve.

   

Forced ranking

A performance appraisal system where raters are asked to identify a certain percentage of employees who are top performers ready for advancement and those employees falling into the bottom percentage who must improve or leave the organization.

   

Forecasting

A business analysis conducted in order to assess what future trends are likely to happen, especially in connection with a particular situation, function, practice or process that is likely to affect the organization’s business operations.

   

Fractional bargaining

Bargaining that takes place at a department or unit level which may lead to an unwritten consensus to ignore certain provisions of a collective bargaining agreement.

   

Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) of 1966

A federal law providing guidelines for access and disclosure of government documents and materials to the general public.

Front pay Front pay is an equitable remedy, an element of the "make whole" relief available to victims of employment discrimination. "Make whole" relief includes all actions necessary to make a victim of discrimination whole for the discrimination suffered, by placing the individual as near as possible in the situation he or she would have occupied if the wrong had not been committed. Albemarle Paper Co. v. Moody[1]. The remedy of front pay compensates a victim in situations where reinstatement or nondiscriminatory placement would be an available remedy, but is denied for reasons peculiar to the individual claim. The compensation of front pay makes the victim of discrimination whole generally until such nondiscriminatory placement can be accomplished.
   

Fringe benefit

Employment benefits granted to employees in addition to their current base salary or wages (i.e., cash, merchandise, services, health insurance, pension plans, holidays, paid vacations, etc.).

Front pay
Front pay is an equitable remedy, an element of the "make whole" relief available to victims of employment discrimination. "Make whole" relief includes all actions necessary to make a victim of discrimination whole for the discrimination suffered, by placing the individual as near as possible in the situation he or she would have occupied if the wrong had not been committed. Albemarle Paper Co. v. Moody[1]. The remedy of front pay compensates a victim in situations where reinstatement or nondiscriminatory placement would be an available remedy, but is denied for reasons peculiar to the individual claim. The compensation of front pay makes the victim of discrimination whole generally until such nondiscriminatory placement can be accomplished.
   

Full-time equivalent (FTE)

A value assigned to signify the number of full-time employees that could have been employed if the reported number of hours worked by part-time employees had been worked by full-time employees instead.

   

Fully insured plan

A benefit plan where the employer contracts with another organization to assume financial responsibility for the enrollees’ medical claims and for all incurred administrative costs.

   

Functional team

A group of employees who are responsible for a particular function within the organization.

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