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U

   

Underutilization

As part of the affirmative action process, this report is used to determine whether certain members of protected groups are being inadequately represented within the workforce. The report uses information based on the geographic area and positions within the organization.

   

Undue hardship

For an employer to legally refuse to accommodate an applicant's or an employee's disability or religious beliefs, the employer must be able to show that such an accommodation would place a severe burden on the operation of the business.

   

Unemployment insurance (UI)

A statutory benefit. Unemployment insurance is designed to provide workers who have been laid off a weekly income during short periods of unemployment. The system is run and funded by state and federal taxes paid by employers.

   

Unemployment rate

The number of individuals unemployed as a percentage of the labor force.

   

Unfair labor practice (ULP)

An unfair labor practice (ULP) is an action taken by an employer or a labor organization in violation of the National Labor Relations Act.

   

Unfairly discriminatory

An action or policy resulting in members of protected groups becoming disadvantaged in relation to the employer’s selection, hiring, promotion, pay and training opportunities, when said person(s) are as equally qualified and have the same potential to be successful.

   

Uniform Guidelines on Employee Selection Procedures of 1978

The Uniform Guidelines on Employee Selection Procedures address the use of interviewing, testing, training and other employee selection tools and their impact on discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex or national origin. Specifically addressed is adverse impact, measured by the 80% test, which states that if a selection practice yields less than 80% of a protected group, as compared with the most frequently selected group, there may be evidence of discrimination. The guidelines also require employers to maintain records, for an unspecified period of time, on their selection procedures and any adverse impact noted, as well as records of the employer's workforce broken down by race and ethnic groups.

   
   

Uniformed Services Employment and Reemployment Rights Act (USERRA) of 1994

The Uniformed Services Employment and Reemployment Rights Act of 1994 (USERRA, or the Act), signed into law on October 13, 1994, clarifies and strengthens the Veterans’ Reemployment Rights (VRR) Statute. USERRA is intended to minimize the disadvantages to an individual that can occur when that person needs to be absent from his or her civilian employment in order to serve in the uniformed services. USERRA makes major improvements in protecting service member rights and benefits by clarifying the law and improving enforcement mechanisms. USERRA expands the cumulative length of time that an individual may be absent from work for uniformed services duty and retain reemployment rights.

   

Union

A formal organization certified by the National Labor Relations Board and authorized to act on behalf of employees regarding wages, benefits, working conditions, conditions of employment and job security.

   

Union Shop

A form of union security that requires employees to join the union, within a certain time after they are hired or after a compulsory-unionism contract is executed, and to maintain their membership as a condition of employment.

   

Unlawful employment practice

Any policy or practice that has discriminatory intent or effect and cannot be shown to be essential to the successful performance of the job in question.

   

Unretirement

The practice of hiring retired former employees whose skills or qualifications are in need.

   

Unsafe acts

Any action, such as horseplay, fighting, failing to abide by a safety rule, etc., that results in accident or injury to another.

   

Unsafe conditions

Hazards, such as faulty equipment or tools, improper safety procedures, failure to improperly guard equipment, etc., that result or have the potential to result in an accident or injury to another.

   

Unskilled worker

Someone who is not required to use reasoning in their work:  Examples: packager, assembler, laborer, hand, apprentice

Unwelcome behavior/conduct

Conduct or behavior by peers, subordinates or supervisors that is objectionable or unacceptable to an individual.

   

Upward mobility

The process of preparing minorities for promotion into higher-level jobs, such as managerial positions.

   

Utilization management

Review and analysis of health care programs to determine cost control methods. Involves reviewing claims for potential utilization problems.

   

U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS)

On March 1, 2003, service and benefit functions of the U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) transitioned into the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) as the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS). The USCIS is responsible for the administration of immigration and naturalization adjudication functions and establishing immigration services policies and priorities.

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